App Store Review Guidelines—Apple Developer. (n.d.). Retrieved November 26, 2019, from

Aristotle, Ross, W. D., & Brown, L. (2009). The Nicomachean ethics. Oxford University Press.

Baril, A. (2014). Eudaimonia in contemporary virtue ethics. In S. van Hooft & N. Athanassoulis (Eds.), The handbook of virtue ethics. Acumen Publishing Ltd.

Beake, S. (Ed.). (2014). Data brokers and the need for transparency and accountability. Nova Publishers.

Blackburn, S. (2016). Benevolence. In The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy. Oxford University Press.

Brown, D. D. (Ed.). (2013). Agile user experience design: A practitioner’s guide to making it work (1st ed). Morgan Kaufmann.

Cicció, J. A., & Quesada, L. (2017). A Model Proposal for Augmented Reality Game Creation to Incentivize Physical Activity: Proceedings of the 10th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies, 252–259.

Comte-Sponville, A. (2013). A small treatise on the great virtues: The uses of philosophy in everyday life. Henry Holt and Company.

Confucius. (2010). The analects of Confucius. Floating Press.

Confucius, & Slingerland, E. G. (2003). Confucius analects: With selection from traditional commentaries. Hackett Pub. Co.

Conti, G., & Sobiesk, E. (2010). Malicious interface design: Exploiting the user. Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on World Wide Web - WWW ’10, 271.

Coyne, S. M., Stockdale, L., & Summers, K. (2019). Problematic cell phone use, depression, anxiety, and self-regulation: Evidence from a three year longitudinal study from adolescence to emerging adulthood. Computers in Human Behavior, 96, 78–84.

Craig, W., Boniel-Nissim, M., King, N., Walsh, S. D., Boer, M., Donnelly, P. D., Harel-Fisch, Y., Malinowska-Cieślik, M., Gaspar de Matos, M., Cosma, A., Van den Eijnden, R., Vieno, A., Elgar, F. J., Molcho, M., Bjereld, Y., & Pickett, W. (2020). Social Media Use and Cyber-Bullying: A Cross-National Analysis of Young People in 42 Countries. Journal of Adolescent Health, 66(6), S100–S108.

Crisp, R. (2012). Ethics. In E. Craig (Ed.), The shorter Routledge encyclopedia of philosophy. Routledge.

David, P., Kim, J.-H., Brickman, J. S., Ran, W., & Curtis, C. M. (2015). Mobile phone distraction while studying. New Media & Society, 17(10), 1661–1679.

Davis, L. S. (2014). Mindfulness, non-attachment and other Buddhist virtues. In S. van Hooft & N. Athanassoulis (Eds.), The handbook of virtue ethics. Acumen Publishing Ltd.

Driver, J. (2001). Uneasy virtue. Cambridge University Press.

Driver, J. (2005). The Oxford handbook of contemporary philosophy (F. Jackson & M. Smith, Eds.). Oxford University Press.

Elhai, J. D., Levine, J. C., Dvorak, R. D., & Hall, B. J. (2016). Fear of missing out, need for touch, anxiety and depression are related to problematic smartphone use. Computers in Human Behavior, 63, 509–516.

Fabri, M., & Andrews, P. C. S. (2016). Human-Centered Design with Autistic University Students: Interface, Interaction and Information Preferences. In A. Marcus (Ed.), Design, User Experience, and Usability: Novel User Experiences (Vol. 9747, pp. 157–166). Springer International Publishing.

Faranello, S. (2016). Practical UX Design: A foundational yet practical approach to UX that delivers more creative, collaborative, holistic, and mature design solutions, regardless of your background or experience.

Farmer, G. D., Janssen, C. P., Nguyen, A. T., & Brumby, D. P. (2018). Dividing Attention Between Tasks: Testing Whether Explicit Payoff Functions Elicit Optimal Dual-Task Performance. Cognitive Science, 42(3), 820–849.

Farrelly, C., & Solum, L. B. (2008). An Introduction to Aretaic Theories of Law. In C. Farrelly & L. B. Solum (Eds.), Virtue Jurisprudence (pp. 1–23). Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Fordham, M. J. (2019, February 26). The importance of ethics in UX design. Medium., M. (2019). Normative Theories of Practical Philosophy. In M.

Frischhut (Ed.), The Ethical Spirit of EU Law (pp. 21–30). Springer International Publishing. Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) – Official Legal Text. (n.d.).

General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Retrieved March 7, 2021, from

Gensler, H. J. (1998). Ethics: A contemporary introduction. Routledge.

Gertken, J. (2019). The Restrictions of Consequentialism. In C. Seidel (Ed.), Consequentialism: New Directions, New Problems (1st ed.). Oxford University Press.

Gilbert, S. J. (2015). Strategic offloading of delayed intentions into the external environment. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 68(5), 971–992.

Gottlieb, P. (2009). The virtue of Aristotle’s ethics. Cambridge University Press.

Gray, C. M., Kou, Y., Battles, B., Hoggatt, J., & Toombs, A. L. (2018). The Dark (Patterns) Side of UX Design. Proceedings of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems  - CHI ’18, 1–14.

Guyer, P. (2016). The Virtues of Freedom: Selected Essays on Kant. Oxford University Press.

Hamari, J., Koivisto, J., & Sarsa, H. (2014). Does Gamification Work? -- A Literature Review of Empirical Studies on Gamification. 2014 47th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 3025–3034.

Hamm, M. J. (2014). Wireframing Essentials. Packt Publishing.

Hoven, J. van den (Ed.). (2015). Handbook of ethics, values, and technological design: Sources, theory, values and application domains. Springer.

Hubbard, J., Harbaugh, W. T., Srivastava, S., Degras, D., & Mayr, U. (2016). A general benevolence dimension that links neural, psychological, economic, and life-span data on altruistic tendencies. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 145(10), 1351–1358.

Hursthouse, R. (2006). Are Virtues the Proper Starting Point For Morality? In J. L. Dreier (Ed.), Contemporary debates in moral theory. Blackwell Pub.

Hursthouse, R. (2014). Virtue Theory. In H. LaFollette (Ed.), Ethics in practice: An anthology (Fourth Edition). Wiley/Blackwell.

Hursthouse, R., & Pettigrove, G. (2018). Virtue Ethics. In E. N. Zalta (Ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2018).

Ishida, T., & Matsuura, T. (2001). THE EFFECT OF CELLULAR PHONE USE ON DRIVING PERFORMANCE. IATSS Research, 25(2), 6–14.

ISO 9241-210:2019(en), Ergonomics of human-system interaction—Part 210: Human-centred design for interactive systems. (n.d.). Retrieved November 5, 2019, from

Jacobs, N., & Huldtgren, A. (2018). Why value sensitive design needs ethical commitments. Ethics and Information Technology.

Kagan, S. (1998). Normative ethics. Westview Press.

Kamel Boulos, M. N., Brewer, A. C., Karimkhani, C., Buller, D. B., & Dellavalle, R. P. (2014). Mobile medical and health apps: State of the art, concerns, regulatory control and certification. Online Journal of Public Health Informatics, 5(3).

Kant, I., & Timmermann, J. (2012). Groundwork of the metaphysics of morals: A German-English edition / German text from the second original edition (1786) / ed. by Jens Timmermann. Engl. transl. by Mary Gregor. Rev. by Jens Timmermann. Cambridge Univ. Press.

Kawall, J. (2014). Qualified agent and agent-based virtue ethics and the problems of right action. In S. van Hooft & N. Athanassoulis (Eds.), The handbook of virtue ethics. Acumen Publishing Ltd.

Kiess, C. (2019, March 5). The Good, the Bad and the Ugly of Ethics in UX Design. Medium.

Kirchin, S. (2012). Metaethics. Palgrave Macmillan.

Kowalski, R. M., Giumetti, G. W., Schroeder, A. N., & Lattanner, M. R. (2014). Bullying in the digital age: A critical review and meta-analysis of cyberbullying research among youth. Psychological Bulletin, 140(4), 1073–1137.

Kremer, S., & Lindemann, U. (2016). Extracting Insights from Experience Designers to Enhance User Experience Design. In A.

Marcus (Ed.), Design, User Experience, and Usability: Design Thinking and Methods (Vol. 9746, pp. 304–313). Springer International Publishing.

Kuo, M. H., Orsmond, G. I., Coster, W. J., & Cohn, E. S. (2014). Media use among adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Autism, 18(8), 914–923.

Loh, K. K., & Kanai, R. (2016). How Has the Internet Reshaped Human Cognition? The Neuroscientist, 22(5), 506–520.

Loy, H. (2014). Classical Confucianism as virtue ethics. In S. van Hooft & N. Athanassoulis (Eds.), The handbook of virtue ethics. Acumen Publishing Ltd.

Margolis, E. (2015). Is the medium the message? Unleashing the power of e-communication in the twenty-first century. Legal Communication & Rhetoric: JALWD, 12, 28.

Martinez, R., Rogers, A. D., Numanoglu, A., & Rode, H. (2018). The value of WhatsApp communication in paediatric burn care. Burns, 44(4), 947–955.

Matz, S. C., Kosinski, M., Nave, G., & Stillwell, D. J. (2017). Psychological targeting as an effective approach to digital mass persuasion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(48), 12714–12719.

McDaniel, M. A., & Einstein, G. O. (2007). Prospective memory: An overview and synthesis of an emerging field. (pp. xii, 264). Sage Publications, Inc.

McNaughton, D., & Rawling, P. (2014). Deontology. In H. LaFollette (Ed.), Ethics in practice: An anthology (Fourth Edition). Wiley/Blackwell.

McTavish, F. M., Chih, M.-Y., Shah, D., & Gustafson, D. H. (2012). How Patients Recovering From Alcoholism Use a Smartphone Intervention. Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 8(4), 294–304.

Merolli, M., Gray, K., & Martin-Sanchez, F. (2013). Health outcomes and related effects of using social media in chronic disease management: A literature review and analysis of affordances. Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 46(6), 957–969.

Merolli, M., Gray, K., & Martin-Sanchez, F. (2014). Therapeutic Affordances of Social Media: Emergent Themes From a Global Online Survey of People With Chronic Pain. J Med Internet Res, 16(12), e284.

Miller, C. B. (2017). Honesty. In W. Sinnott-Armstrong (Ed.), Moral psychology. MIT Press.

Miller, C. B. (2018). Generosity: A Preliminary Account of a Surprisingly Neglected Virtue: GENEROSITY. Metaphilosophy, 49(3), 216–245.

Miller, L. (2015). The practitioner’s guide to user experience design (First edition). Grand Central Publishing.

Nasar, J. L., & Troyer, D. (2013). Pedestrian injuries due to mobile phone use in public places. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 57, 91–95.

Nixon, C. (2014). Current perspectives: The impact of cyberbullying on adolescent health. Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics, 143.

Noë, B., Turner, L. D., Linden, D. E. J., Allen, S. M., Winkens, B., & Whitaker, R. M. (2019). Identifying Indicators of Smartphone Addiction Through User-App Interaction. Computers in Human Behavior, 99, 56–65.

Norman, D., Miller, J., & Henderson, A. (1995). What you see, some of what’s in the future, and how we go about doing it: HI at Apple Computer. Conference Companion on Human Factors in Computing Systems  - CHI ’95, 155.

Nussbaum, M. (2013). Non-Relative Virtues: An Aristotelian Approach. In R. Shafer-Landau (Ed.), Ethical theory: An anthology (2nd ed). Wiley-Blackwell.

Oakley, J., & Cocking, D. (2001). Virtue ethics and professional roles. Cambridge University Press.

O’Neill, J. (2001). Meta-Ethics. In D. Jamieson (Ed.), A companion to environmental philosophy. Blackwell.

Peltokorpi, V. (2008). Transactive Memory Systems. Review of General Psychology, 12(4), 378–394.

Pincoffs, E. L. (1988). Quandaries and virtues: Against reductivism in ethics. University Press of Kansas ; Eurospan [distributor.

Primack, B. A., & Escobar-Viera, C. G. (2017). Social Media as It Interfaces with Psychosocial Development and Mental Illness in Transitional Age Youth. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 26(2), 217–233.

Putman, D. (1997). Psychological Courage. Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology, 4(1), 1–11.

Risko, E. F., & Gilbert, S. J. (2016). Cognitive Offloading. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 20(9), 676–688.

Rosell-Aguilar, F. (2016). State of the App: A taxonomy and framework for evaluating language learning mobile applications. CALICO Journal, 0(0).

Rosenzweig, E. (2015). Successful user experience: Strategies and roadmaps. Morgan Kaufmann Publisher/Elsevier.

Roth, J. K. (2005). Ethics. Salem Press.

Sandler, R. L. (2007). Character and environment: A virtue-oriented approach to environmental ethics. Columbia University Press.

Schrank, J. (1996). The Language of Advertising Claims.

Schweizer, K. (2001). Preattentive processing and cognitive ability. Intelligence, 29(2), 169–186.

Shaw, W. H. (2014). Consequentialism. In H. LaFollette (Ed.), Ethics in practice: An anthology (Fourth Edition). Wiley/Blackwell.

Sher, S. (2011). A Framework for Assessing Immorally Manipulative Marketing Tactics. Journal of Business Ethics, 102(1), 97–118.

Shuib, L., Shamshirband, S., & Ismail, M. H. (2015a). A review of mobile pervasive learning: Applications and issues. Computers in Human Behavior, 46, 239–244.

Shuib, L., Shamshirband, S., & Ismail, M. H. (2015b). A review of mobile pervasive learning: Applications and issues. Computers in Human Behavior, 46, 239–244.

Siroker, D., & Koomen, P. (2013). A/B testing: The most powerful way to turn clicks into customers.

Slingerland, E. (2010). Toward an Empirically Responsible Ethics: Cognitive Science, Virtue Ethics, and Effortless Attention in Early Chinese Thought. In B. Bruya (Ed.), Effortless attention: A new perspective in the cognitive science of attention and action. The MIT Press.

Slote, M. (2001). Morals from motives. Oxford University Press.

Sparrow, B., Liu, J., & Wegner, D. M. (2011). Google Effects on Memory: Cognitive Consequences of Having Information at Our Fingertips. Science, 333(6043), 776–778.

Strayer, D. L., & Johnston, W. A. (2001). Driven to Distraction: Dual-Task Studies of Simulated Driving and Conversing on a Cellular Telephone. Psychological Science, 12(6), 462–466.

Sucala, M., Cuijpers, P., Muench, F., Cardoș, R., Soflau, R., Dobrean, A., Achimas-Cadariu, P., & David, D. (2017). Anxiety: There is an app for that. A systematic review of anxiety apps: SUCALA et al. Depression and Anxiety, 34(6), 518–525.

Tang, J., & Zhang, P. (2018). Gamification and Basic Human Needs in Information Technology Design: A Literature Analysis. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Crowd Science and Engineering - ICCSE’18, 1–6.

Trowbridge, A., Sharevski, F., & Westbrook, J. (2018). Malicious User Experience Design Research for Cybersecurity. Proceedings of the New Security Paradigms Workshop on - NSPW ’18, 123–130.

Upton, C. (2014). What virtues are there? In S. van Hooft & N. Athanassoulis (Eds.), The handbook of virtue ethics. Acumen Publishing Ltd.

Vainio, O.-P. (2016). Virtue: An introduction to theory and practice.

Välimäki, M., Athanasopoulou, C., Lahti, M., & Adams, C. E. (2016). Effectiveness of Social Media Interventions for People With Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 18(4), e92.

Van Norden, B. W. (2007). Virtue ethics and consequentialism in early Chinese philosophy. Cambridge University Press.

Van Zyl, L. (2014). Right action and the targets of virtue. In S. van Hooft & N. Athanassoulis (Eds.), The handbook of virtue ethics. Acumen Publishing Ltd.

Van Zyl, L. (2015). Eudaimonistic Virtue Ethics. In L. Besser-Jones & M. Slote (Eds.), The Routledge companion to virtue ethics. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.

Van Zyl, L. L. (2018). Virtue ethics: A contemporary introduction. Routledge.

Vos, T. P., Hanusch, F., Dimitrakopoulou, D., Geertsema-Sligh, M., & Sehl, A. (Eds.). (2019). The International Encyclopedia of Journalism Studies (1st ed.). Wiley.

Wang, Z., & Zheng, Y. (2018). Research on Interaction Design of Somatosensory Games Based on User Experience—A Case Study of Cervical Spine Health Somatosensory Games. In A. Marcus & W. Wang (Eds.), Design, User Experience, and Usability: Designing Interactions (Vol. 10919, pp. 483–497). Springer International Publishing.

Wilson, A. T. (2016). Modesty as Kindness: Modesty as Kindness. Ratio, 29(1), 73–88.

Woodruff, P. (2018). Growing toward Justice (Vol. 1). Oxford University Press.

Wu, J. T., & McCormick, J. B. (2018). Why Health Professionals Should Speak Out Against False Beliefs on the Internet. AMA Journal of Ethics, 20(11), E1052-1058.

Yost, B. S. (2017). KANT’S THEORY OF MOTIVATION: A HYBRID APPROACH. Review of Metaphysics, 71(2), 293–319. Humanities Source.

Yuval, E. (2014). The virtuous person and normativity. In S. van Hooft & N. Athanassoulis (Eds.), The handbook of virtue ethics. Acumen Publishing Ltd.

Zhang, M. W. B., Ho, C. S. H., Cheok, C. C. S., & Ho, R. C. M. (2015). Smartphone apps in mental healthcare: The state of the art and potential developments. BJPsych Advances, 21(5), 354–358.
Author: Klemen Trupej, MSc
Proofread by: Ewan Cameron